All About Thailand Information | Airlines
Date: On the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month (usually in November)
Kratong Loy Kratong Highlight
traditional kratong made from banana leafs and fresh flowersOn the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month, the tide in the rivers is highest and the moon at its brightest, creating a romantic setting ideal for lovers. The Thai people choose this day to hold the 'Loy Kratong' festival, or the 'festival of light.' Loy Kratong is one of the two most recognized festivals in the country.
Loy Kratong is probably the most picturesque and beautiful of all Thai celebrations. 'Loy' literally means 'to float,' while 'kratong' refers to the lotus-shaped receptacle which can float on the water. Originally, the kratong was made of banana leaves or the layers of the trunk of a banana tree or a spider lily plant. A kratong contains food, betel nuts, flowers, joss sticks, candle and coins. The making of a kratong is much more creative these days as many more materials are available.
leaving kratong to float away riversThe Loy Kratong ritual is a simple one. One needs only to light the candles and the joss sticks, make one's wishes and let it float away with the current of a river or a canal.
On that day, thousands of people will gather beside the canals and rivers. With kratong in hands, they light the candle, put some coins in the kratong and silently make a wish, and carefully place their kratongs in the water and release them to the current.
They watch intently as the float drifts silently downstream, hoping that the candle will not go out. Its flame is said to signify longevity, fulfillment of wishes and release from sins. Altogether it is considered a romantic night for couples or lovers. Couples who make a wish together on Loy Kratong are thought to stay together in the future.
Thai lifestyle near riverDifferent legends surround the origins of Loy Kratong. The most popular version is it was an expression of gratitude to the goddess of water 'Phra Mae Kongka' for having extensively used, and sometimes polluted, the water from the rivers and canals. It is also in part a thanksgiving for her bounty in providing water for the livelihood of the people.
Some believe the festival originates from Buddhism. They say the offering of flowers, candles and joss-sticks is a tribute of respect to the footprint of the Lord Buddha on the sandy beach of the Narmaha River in India, as well as to the great Serpent and dwellers of the underwater world, after the Lord Buddha's visit to their watery realm. It is possible that this is derived from a Hindu festival that pays tribute to the god Vishnu, who meditates at the center of the ocean.
Others believe that the floral kratong is offered to the pagoda containing the Lord Buddha's topknot, which was cut off at his self-ordination and is now in heaven. Another explanation is that it is a way to pay respect to one's ancestors.
Loy Kratong Festival - Nang NoppamasWhatever the true origin, the practice of Loy Kratong first began in the ancient kingdom of Sukhothai in the 13th century. A young queen named Nang Noppamas was believed to be the one who made a small boat laden with candles and incense and floated it down the river. The name Nang Noppamas has been associated with Loy Kratong ever since.
Today, Loy Kratong offers a unique occasion to celebrate. It's a good time for people to make wishes and look to the future as they float their floral offerings along the waterways.
Where to celebrate
Although celebrated nationwide, Loy Kratong is particularly delightful in the provinces of Sukhothai, Chiang Mai, Ayutthaya and Bangkok.
As the place of origin of the festival, Sukhothai rightly remains the focal point of the celebrations. The festival comes with a spectacular light-and-sound show held in the ancient and traditional setting of the Sukhothai historical park.
floating lanterns at Chiang MaiChiang Mai is another prime site to celebrate Loy Kratong. The festival is known in northern dialect as 'Yi Peng.' The largest kratongs are decorated floats, paraded through the town on trucks. The colorfully lit floats form a long glittering parade as they make their way to the river.
Meanwhile, up above thousands of 'khom loy' (floating lanterns) drift into the night sky. These large balloon-like lanterns are released at temples and sometimes from private homes in the hope that misfortune flies away with them.
The Chao Phraya River is one of the main waterways to celebrate the Loy Kratong festival. In Bangkok, riverside hotels organize special celebrations for their guests. In some hotels, swimming pools are turned into a temporary river for the Loy Kratong celebration.
Although Loy Kratong is an old Thai tradition, celebrated continuously since ancient times, the use of modern foam materials to make the kratong has taken its toll on the environment.
Today, instead of synthetic foams, natural materials such as the original banana leaves or even bread have been used to make the floats. In addition, kratong are increasingly being released in small canals or swimming pools to prevent pollution in the rivers. In this way, the old tradition can still be preserved while our rivers and waterways remain in pristine condition for future generations.
November full moon shines,
Loi Krathong, Loi Krathong,
and the water's high
in the river and local klong,
Loi Loi Krathong,
Loi Loi Krathong,
Loi Krathong is here and everybody's full of cheer,
We're together at the klong,
We're together at the klong,
Each one with this krathong,
As we push away we pray,
We can see a better day.
Wednesday, May 1, 2013 is Labor Day. This is a public holiday in Thailand, but not much happens to commemorate this day other than most government and office workers will have the day off.
Sunday, May 5, 2013 is Coronation Day. The fact that it occurs on a Sunday this year should mean that Monday, May 6, 2013 will be a substitution holiday.
The actual date of the Royal Ploughing Ceremony is decided by astrologers near to the time, but it usually occurs at some point in May. This holiday is also a commemoration of Farmer’s Day.
Friday-Sunday, May 10-12, 2013 is the Rocket Festival which takes place over the second weekend in May. This festival is celebrated in a number of locations in Isaan but one of the best places to visit would be Yasathon.
The Inthakin City Pillar Festival takes place over the course of 6 days in Chiang Mai each year. The date for the 2013 has yet to be given. It usually occurs at some point around the waning of moon of the sixth lunar month (around May 2013).
Friday, May 24, 2013 is the most important of all the Buddhist festivals in Thailand. Vikasa Bucha Day takes place on the full moon of the sixth lunar month, and it commemorates the day on which the Buddha was born, became enlightened, and died.
Many companies and organisations are calling for donations for the victims of the floods in the South as well as earthquakes and tsunami in Japan. Here are some of them.
Help the South
Thanachart Bank and Siam City Bank extend car hire-purchase loan installment period for 90 days with extendable period upto 12 months. Interest on credit card and personal loans clients are cut.
Mortgage clients are offered maximum 12-month moratorium on principal repayment. They can also obtain additional loans worth upto Bt1 million, but the outstanding loans must not exceed 100 per cent of collateral value. Contact 1770 for more information.
Bangkok Airways is turning its headoffice on Vibhavadi Road to a donation centre, where Thais can donate necessity items like food. They are urged to pack the items for distribution to affected families and the items would be transported by the airline's flights to the South. Contact 02-265-5898-9.
From now until end-April, Krung Thai Card urges 2 million credit cardholders to redeem KTC Forever Rewards to help victims in the South of Thailand as well as in Japan. They can donate Bt50 for every 500 points redeemed. Contact KTC Phone 0-2665-5000 or KTC service centers.
Under "Friends for Friends in Need" campaign, all units under Central Group are calling for donations to donation boxes at all 200 outlets from now until April 18. Only cash donations are welcomed, for the convient transfer.
RS Plc urges Thais to donate cash to "RS Prasarnjai Chuay Phai Tai" account at Bangkok Bank No. 128-4-15839-9 until April 11. With the money, it will buy relief bags for the victims.
Sony Group of Companies in Thailand donated Bt1.1 million and mobilised Bt380,000 from its business partners for the victims of Japan's earthquake and tsunami.
Global research-based pharmaceutical industry represented by International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers & Associations or IFPMA whose members are research-based pharmaceutical associations located around the world including Thailand, under the name Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers Association (PReMA), is providing funds to relief organisations. The total cash value of assistance provided so far by IFPMA member companies in total amounted to US$37 million or equivalent to approximately Bt1 billion. This has not included further donations from several companies in the form of medicines and other medical supplies. In the first stages, the majority of the donations by the research-based pharmaceutical companies have been in the form of cash, as this form of aid is the most helpful according to NGO partners specialised in disaster relief.
Companies and their related philanthropic foundations which have reportedly made donations so far include: Abbott, Amgen, Astellas, AstraZeneca, Bayer Group, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Daiichi Sankyo, Eisai, GlaxoSmithKline, Johnson & Johnson, Lilly, Merck & Co., Inc., Novartis, Pfizer, Roche Group, sanofi-aventis and Takeda.
To ensure that the assistance provided is appropriate and coordinated, companies are using long established partnerships with expert medical and disaster relief organizations. These include the Red Cross (via various national Red Cross Associations, in particular the Japanese Red Cross) and Save the Children, as well as, AmeriCares, Direct Relief International, and the International Medical Corps.
Germany's BASF, through BASF Social Foundation initially contributed 500,000 euro to the Central Community Chest of Japan as immediate aid to victims of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Additionally, the company will start a global donation campaign among its employees and will fully match each euro contributed by the employees one-to-one.
With 1,700 employees, BASF has 35 operations sites (including 27 production sites and 8 R&D and technical centers) and 49 sales offices in Japan.
An airline ticket is a document, issued by an airline or a travel agency, to confirm that an individual has purchased a seat on a flight on an aircraft. This document is then used to obtain a boarding pass, at the airport. Then with the boarding pass and the attached ticket, the passenger is allowed to board the aircraft.
There are two sorts of airline tickets - the older style with coupons now referred to as a paper ticket, and the now more common electronic ticket usually referred to as an e-ticket.
Regardless of the type, all tickets contain details of the following information...
see more .... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airline_ticket